Pengertian dan Harga Parfum
Perfume or scented oil is a mixture of essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give fragrance to the human body, objects, or ruangan.Jumlah and type of solvent that mixes with the perfume determining whether a perfume is considered a perfume extract, Eau de parfum, eau de toilette, or Eau de Cologne.
Perfume has been known since thousands of years ago - the word "perfume" comes from the Latin per fume meaning "through smoke". One of the oldest fragrance uses a form of burning incense and aromatic herbs used in religious services, often to the aromatic gums, frankincense and myrrh, gathered from trees. Egypt was the first to incorporate perfume into their culture followed by the ancient Chinese, Hindus, Israelites, Carthaginians, Arabs, Greeks, and Romans. Early use of bottles of perfume is in Egypt around 1000 BC. Egypt found the glasses and bottles of perfume is one of the first public use of glass.
Perfume oils need to be diluted with a solvent for essential oil / pure (either natural or synthetic) contains high concentrations of volatile components that might cause allergic reactions and possible injury when used directly on the skin or clothing. Solvents also evaporate essential oils, help them spread into the air.
By far the most commonly used solvent for perfume oil dilution is ethanol or a mixture of ethanol and water. Perfume oils can also be diluted by neutralizing the smell of grease using jojoba, fractionated coconut oil or wax. Volume percentage in the perfume oil concentrates are as follows:
The higher the percentage of aromatic compounds, the intensity and long-lasting aroma is created. Different perfumeries assign different amounts of oils to each of their perfumes. Therefore, although the perfume oil concentrate in the dilution Eau De Parfum (EDP) will always be higher than the same perfume in the form of eau de toilette (EDT) in the same range, the actual amounts can vary between each Perfumeries. A perfume EDT from a Perfumeries may be stronger than the EDP from another Perfumeries.